The release contains rankings of universities in 54 subjects across Natural Sciences, Engineering, Life Sciences, Medical Sciences, and Social Sciences. In total, more than 4000 universities were ranked. This is the second year ShanghaiRanking has published the Global Ranking of Academic Subjects, but the consultancy has been ranking international universities since 2003, and has ranked universities by academic fields since 2007, Times Higher Education (THE) reported.
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This year’s survey is the most expansive to date, considering more subjects than ever before.
US schools still top
Universities from the United States have once again topped the tables, taking 35 of the top positions across the 54 subjects, three more than the country held last year. The next best performing universities are from China (including Hong Kong), where nine institutions have taken first place, followed by the Netherlands, where three universities have been ranked in top positions.
Harvard University (US) remains the best performing individual institution, taking the top spot in 17 subjects – two more than last year – with nine in the field of social sciences, and four within medical sciences. The second best institution this year is Massachusetts Institute of Technology (US), who has once again topped five different subjects, four of which are related to engineering.
Other universities which have been ranked as first in more than one subject this year include the University of Pennsylvania (US), the University of Colorado Boulder (US), Wageningen University and Research (Netherlands), and Nanyang Technological University (Singapore).
Quantity, quality, and impact of research
Universities from 83 different countries and regions were published in the latest release. When including universities which didn’t make the top spot for their subjects, universities from the United States appear in the rankings a total of 4,661 times. Chinese universities appear 2,171 times, and universities from the United Kingdom appear 1,487 times.
ShanghaiRanking determined their results by measuring the quantity, quality, and impact of research at each institution, as well as the extent of international collaboration and the number of staff recognised with awards. The full methodology is available here.